Theoretical and Conceptual Approaches to Conflict and Violence
Elise FÉRON (Tampere Peace Research Institute, University of Tampere)
This module is designed to examine the various approaches that have been developed to understand conflict in its different forms with a particular focus on contemporary research on the causes, effects and dynamics of intrastate conflicts and civil wars. The module also provides an opportunity to examine emerging approaches to conflict and to look at the extent to which theory is evolving to keep up with rapid changes in different conflict environments.
- Féron 1: Introductive Remarks and the Concept of “New Wars”
- Féron 2: Ethnicity, Religion and Conflicts
- Féron 3: Territory and Conflicts: From Local to Transnational Approaches
- Féron 4: Socio-Economic Dimensions of Conflicts
- Féron 5: Gender and Conflicts
- Féron 6: New Stakes in Conflicts
- Féron 7: Conflict Prevention and Early Warning
The Challenges of Peacebuilding
Mats BERDAL (King’s College London)
The module is designed to provide a comprehensive and critical overview of the international community’s efforts over the past two decades to bring “lasting peace and stability” to societies affected by war and protracted conflict.
- Berdal 1: From Cambodia to Afghanistan: The UN and International Peacebuilding After the Cold War
- Berdal 2: The Political Economy of War and Peace
- Berdal 3: Post-war Violence and Peacebuilding
The Resilience of War
Christopher COKER (LSE – London School of Economics)
In 2003 the EU celebrated the fact that the world was more peaceful than it had ever been but that was before ISIS, and Ukraine.
Peace is a work in progress. War is one of the most resilient human activities; it is has evolutionary possibilities that have still to be realised; it has not yet reached an evolutionary dead end.
- Coker 1: Why War Can’t Be Eliminated
- Coker 2: Humanising War
People and Peacebuilding
Roger MAC GINTY (University of Manchester)
People are often ‘written out’ of peacebuilding. Programmes and initiatives aimed at peace are often top-down, remote and template-style. This module looks at how and why people have been marginalized in many approaches to peacebuilding. It also examines the very real capacity for people to engage in reconciliation and peacemaking. The module will engage with theories and concepts, and draw on multiple examples from around the world.
- Mac Ginty 1: Technocracy and Peacebuilding
- Mac Ginty 2: Everyday peacebuilding
- Mac Ginty 3: The local and peacebuilding
Peacebuilding on the Ground: Understanding Experiences of Post-Conflict Intervention
Gearoid MILLAR (University of Aberdeen)
This module focuses on the impacts and experiences of post-conflict interventions among their supposed “beneficiaries”. It builds on key findings in the field over the past 15 years regarding the need for local-ownership, the dominance of hybrid outcomes, and the prominence of unexpected impacts as a result of post-conflict interventions. Following on from these developments in the field, the module will first make an argument in support of reframing peace as a social experience as opposed to a series of institutional projects, before then describing and promoting an Ethnographic Peace Research approach capable of exploring, explaining, and demystifying such experiences. Overall the module argues that a more grounded, interdisciplinary and ethnographic turn in the field of peace research and peacebuilding must be developed in order to both respond to and build on the critiques of the local turn.
- Millar 1: Reframing Peace as Social Experience
- Millar 2: Ethnographic Peace Research: Understanding Experiences of Post-Conflict Interventions
Post Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding
Alpaslan ÖZERDEM (Coventry University)
In this module, the main focus would be the nexus of post-conflict reconstruction and peace building. Focussing on a number of strategic and operational level barriers, the module presents a critique of the liberal peace building approach and how it often fails to build sustainable peace in war-torn societies. Mostar in Bosnia-Herzegovina will be presented as a case study for the investigation of the post-conflict reconstruction-peacebuilding relationship further. Considering the significance of ‘security’ for the sustainability of peace, the module also explores the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of ex-combatants in order to elaborate its linkages with different aspects of peacebuilding such as economic development, governance, security and reconciliation.
- Özerdem 1: Post-Conflict Reconstruction as a Tool for Peacebuilding
- Özerdem 2: Mostar – Rebuilding a Divided City
- Özerdem 3: DDR of Ex-Combatants – how not to do it!
Introduction to Mediation and Third-Party Participatory Processes
Juan DIAZ-PRINZ (Conflict Management Space)
This module is an introduction to the methods and styles of international mediation. It is taught through experiential learning in which students are given personal experiences with the themes through reflection, exercises, practice, and feedbacking. By the end of the unit student will be able to understand key theoretical issues in the field of conflict resolution; to have some familiarity with the main theoretical schools that study mediation; to understand the main concepts and techniques used in mediation; and to experience the practice of mediation through a series of practical exercises. This unit is not a certification in mediation and is not a definitive course on the topic. It is a practical introduction to the topic to complement the existing theoretical courses in the program.
- Diaz 1: Understanding Third-parties Processes
- Diaz 2: Understanding of Mediation
- Diaz 3: The Mediation Process
- Diaz 4: Mediation Role Play
- Diaz 5: Mediation Debriefing and Experiences from the Field
Week two activities will be complemented by “Meet the expert” events, with researchers and practictioners coming from:
- the Post-Conflict Operations Centre of the Italian Army (PCOSC IT Army)
- the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
- the United Nations System Staff College (UNSSC)